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The concept of a scribing tool is fairly simple to understand and carry out. However, to achieve the level of professional cuts and scribe lines requires familiarizing yourself with the best scribing tool for metals available on the market.
Scribing involves the creation of a weak point on the material you will be working with, to help cleave or break it along that path. A few scribing projects may not focus on precision and merely breaking the substrate into manageable parts for further and accurate cleaving.
Nevertheless, ensuring successful scribing, requires comprehending the material/workpiece, how it would react to scribing and cleaving, and finally the tool best suited for the project.
The basics of scribing tools
Simple handheld tools, scribers come in various forms and shapes. To begin with, there are three basic types of scribing tools,
The pen-style scribers
These consist of the hand-held version of scribing tools which are pen-like with a sharpened or hardened tip at the working end. It is widely used to downsize large workpieces into manageable substrate sizes. A job that does not require a high level of precision.
Precision glass cutters
The precision scribers are the mid-level scribers, featuring either a diamond or carbide silicon wheel that scribes substrates placed on its steel base.
They work on materials from 12-16 inches with varying thicknesses. Each tool has a guard rail to ensure straight scribe lines and further simple accessories to make measuring faster and convenient.
This third category of scribing tools offers high-end precision with very little effort and usage of time. They are economical in multiple ways with a unique scribing process that marks scribe lines on the back of the workpiece rather than its front. Furthermore, the tool, with its integrated accessories, downsizes materials as small as 4 inches to an even smaller 1mm x 1mm size!
How scribing works
Scribing lines are made in two variants, a complete scribe line, and an initiation scribe line.
The complete scribe line
As the name suggests, the complete scribe line runs from one end of the substrate surface to the other end. When appropriate force is applied to the material, it breaks along this scribed line. Non-crystalline materials like coverslips, glass slides, and such, profit from complete scribing.
The initiation scribe line
Here, merely a short nick on the substrate surface serves as the breakpoint when cleaving. The initiation scribe line is made on a single edge of the substrate and is often preferred to examine defect-free edges in non-crystalline materials. However, it works best for crystalline substrates like silicon-based wafers.
Types of Scribing tools
Once you have the basics of scribing down pat, it becomes easier to understand which tool best suits your business requirements.
LatticeGear, a leading name in the industry, furnishes its insight into the types of scribers on demand in the market.
A scribing tool recently upgraded by LatticeGear, the FlexScribe offers clean operations, compatible with every cleanroom and laboratory. It can work with almost any non-crystalline and brittle substrate, addressing samples of 20mm to 5mm wafers.
Carbide cutter (general purpose)
Capable of cutting thin glasses (0.3-1.5mm) and thick glasses (0.3mm), the carbide cutter features a cutting wheel made of carbide. It is most compatible when working with crystalline materials and performs better than a diamond-edged cutting wheel.
With a simple and straightforward user interface, the FCA is best suited for panel scribing, trim installations, designing floors, cutting tiles, etc. It is widely known for its tight and accurately scribed circles in the 25-inch range.
Tamiya plastic scriber
A unique and much-loved plastic scribing tool, Tamiya is lauded for its durability and ability to make smooth markings. The blade comes with multiple cutting angles and edges, and also possesses retractibility that gets locked when in use. Not to forget the extra blade compartment making it a go-to plastic scriber for many customers.
Thingamajig scribing tool imperial
Employing a single-hand use, the Thingamajig imperial utilizes tungsten carbide blades for precision cutting. The heavy-weight is ideal to scribe painted items, timber, laminates, veneer, stone, soft metals, and more.
Scribing tools are plenty in the market, each with its defining features. There are always more factors to bear in mind when investing in the right scriber, starting from accuracy to parallel functionality, smoothness, particle contamination degree, and more.
If you still find it a challenge to pick the right one for your needs, get in touch with the experts at LatticeGear.