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I thought it is the right size of vegetable garden for beginners to get an appropriate experience about the cultivation of different vegetables. In it, you can grow three-row of different vegetables along with walk space between two of them. you can grow three tomatoes and three eggplants and a 5ft length for a half packet of trellised beans and therefore the partner for trellised cucumber, 6ft for okra and therefore the other 4 ft for lettuce or other greens. If you will able to squeeze in a very skinny row you would possibly be able to grow some small herbs or flowers.
Here in this article, I will tell how effectively you can utilize 10×10 gardens for cultivation purposes along with the best layout to accommodate maximum types of vegetables.
A 10 by 10 ft garden might not seem big, but it can provide an oversized crop of one type vegetable like potatoes or smaller portions of a variety of vegetables over the season. Vegetables that grow well in brief rows or blocks are the simplest selections for a square vegetable bed though pole beans and other tall vegetables need careful positioning to forestall them from shading the opposite plants. Square foot gardening may be a growing method that works well in 10 by 10 vegetable patches. In areas where plant pests are a controversy practice crop rotation.
For 10 by 10 area you can choose two types of layout plane.
- Vegetable in blocks
- Square foot technique
Vegetable in blocks:
Rows of plants are traditional in vegetable gardens, but many vegetables grow even as well or maybe better in blocks. Growing vegetables in blocks also provide higher yields per square ft because less space is employed for walking paths between rows.
According to block arrangement divide the 10 by 10 garden into four beds each measures 4 by 4 feet and separate the beds with a cross-shaped path of about 2 feet wide with in the middle of the garden. You will use the trail after you tend to the plants.
The plant grows in block design:
The plant that can grow well in blocks includes corn, beets, garlic, and those plants which can grow as a perennial plant. Corn grows best in blocks because the pollen that falls from its male flowers can easily reach the female flower of the encircling plants within the small areas. Space corn plants 1-2 ft apart, beets and garlic 4-6inches apart and carrots 2-3 inches apart.
The disadvantage of block design:
Most vegetables need at least a minimum of six hours of direct sunlight each day to grow well and a 10 by 10 kitchen garden poses the danger that these tall vegetables will create a shadow and deprive the opposite plants of sunshine.
If you grow cucumber on a trellis along with the indeterminate type of tomatoes in tomato cages and pole beans and other tall vegetables on the north fringe of the square garden. When grown on the east fringe of a 10 by 10 patch these vegetable cast shade within the morning. Once they are on the patch west edge they cast shade within the afternoon. Tall plants growing on the south edge cast shade all day.
Square foot technique:
After growing vegetables in block design, there is another method square foot technique which is very effective to utilize 10 by 10 garden in an effective way. Square foot vegetable gardening involves growing vegetables in raised beds divided into sections that are each 1 square measure in an exceedingly 10 by 10 kitchen garden that contains four 4 by 4 beds, each bed has 16 sections that are each 1 by 1 foot.
The vegetable that grows in the square foot:
Growing vegetables in 1-foot squares allow you to grow a good range of sorts as an example. One square could contain 9 garlic, 16 carrots, four lettuces, one tomato or six-pole bean plants. Cucumber and other large vining vegetable plant each requires a 2 square foot.
Step to design your small space into an intensive garden:
There are following rules you have to follow to get maximum results.
- Plant tall vegetables on the north end of your garden to avoid shading the smaller crops and plant the opposite vegetables in descending order of size down toward the south end of the garden.
- Forget about planting in rows. In an intensive stamp garden, you scatter the seeds to use all the space in your garden so thin out the seedlings as they are available up. If you launched seedlings instead of seeds, space them without worrying for straight rows. The mature plants should just touch each other on all sides.
- If your plot is 10 by 10 then you can plant different kinds of vegetables in separate squares or rectangles. In plots quite 5-6 ft wide, you will need a pathway to succeed in all of your plants. However, if the plot is narrow or small, simply block out irregular groups of vegetables and fill within the spaces any way you would like.
- For root vegetables (carrots and beets), leafy vegetables such as lettuce and spinach and corn you would like a special plan. The areas chosen for each of those vegetables should be subdivided into 3 or 4 and every subsection should be seeded or planted per week. By these means, you can get a continual harvest.
- Use the air space above your garden the maximum amount as possible. That is train tomatoes, cucumber, and other vines and trailing plants to get older trellises, fences or poles so that they would not run everywhere your garden bed, crowding out the opposite plants. The higher you get at vertical growing, the more things you will be ready to pack into your intensive token garden.
- Do not limit yourself necessarily to vegetables. Flowers and herbs will offer you fragrance and color, which also give an aesthetic look to your garden.
Key tips to remember:
There are certain tips you have to follow to get a good result from 10 by 10 garden
Depth of soil:
For the most effective results, the soil during a square foot garden should be 12 inches deep, but the vegetables also give good yields in the soil of 6 inches deep. Spread a 4-inch layer of garden compost which should be at least one-year-old or other rich organic material over each bed and add a 2-inch layer of garden soil. Mix both layers into the soil to a depth of 6 inches with a garden fork.
Crop rotation in a 10 by 10 garden could involve rotating the plant families in each section once a year or growing just one family across the full plot one year and a special family the following year. Growing just one family at a time provides the most effective protection against pests and diseases.
Growing crops in rotation avoid plant pests and diseases build up in a very vegetable garden. Vegetables belong to plant families and plenty of pests and diseases specialize in one family of the plant as an example of the pests that attack cucumber often also attack winter squash. Growing the identical family within the same spot year after year increases pest and disease populations but growing different crops once a year reduces problems with pests and diseases.
Protection from water stress:
Keep your garden out of depression where standing water collects and faraway from down spots where the force from a sudden rain can wash out your plants. Try to situate your garden near a water outlet. This will eliminates having to pull a hose long distance. Also, try and place your garden as concerning your toll storage as possible.
Vegetables grow in 10 by 10 garden:
Here are some major families which can be used for rotation in 10 by 10 vegetable garden.
- Pea family is also known as Fabaceae which includes pole, bush bean, and garden pea and soya bean.
- Next is the carrot family is known as Apiaceae that consists of carrot, celery, and parsley.
- Gourd family which also called Cucurbitaceae that includes cucumber, winter squash, summer squash, and watermelon.
- Mustard family is known as Brassicaceae that consists of Asian greens, cabbage, rutabaga.
- Nightshade family called Solanaceae which includes tomato, potato, and pepper.